When you receive your voting papers this year you will also be asked to choose which voting system you would like to use in future elections. The poll results will be binding on the Council for the 2022 and 2025 elections.
The two systems – First Past the Post (FPP) and Single Transferable Voting (STV) are explained on this page.
The Council received a valid petition for a poll from the public on the method of voting to be used in future Tasman District Council elections.
You’re being asked to decide which of two electoral systems you want to be used for the Tasman District Council elections in 2022 and 2025.
The two systems – FPP (First Past the Post) and STV (Single Transferable Voting) are explained on this page.
The poll results will be binding on the Council for the 2022 and 2025 elections.
To date FPP has been used for all Tasman District Council elections, but STV is an option.
STV has been used for the election of members to all District Health Boards since 2004. District Health Board (DHB) elections are held at the same time as the Council elections.
Eleven councils in New Zealand now use STV instead of FPP.
There is no additional cost for processing and/or counting votes under either system.
Typical voting documents for both types of electoral systems are shown above.
|First past the post, or FPP||Single transferable vote, or STV|
|FPP has long been widely used in New Zealand, is familiar and is generally easy to understand.||STV is currently used in Australia, United States, Ireland and Malta. Along with all the DHBs it is also being used by eleven councils in 2019. STV is also used by companies like Fonterra, to select board members.|
|Each voter is able to cast one vote for each vacancy to be filled. Voters place a tick beside the name of the candidate or candidates they wish to vote for.||Each voter gets one vote, no matter how many vacancies. Voters rank candidates in order of preference – 1 beside their most preferred candidate, 2 beside the second-most preferred candidate, and so on. Voters do not have to rank all candidates, but must use consecutive numbers.|
|The candidate who receives the most votes is elected. Where there is more than one vacancy, the candidates (equal to the number of vacancies) who receive the most votes are elected.||A candidate must reach the quota to be elected. Where there is more than one vacancy, the candidates (equal to the number of vacancies) who reach the quota are elected.|
|FPP is not a form of proportional representation. Each tick is counted as a vote for that candidate and the candidate or candidates with the most votes is/are elected. A candidate may be elected by a small margin.||STV is a proportional electoral system. Proportional systems are intended to provide more effective representation for all significant points of view, although it cannot be guaranteed that STV will provide an increased diversity of representation.|
|A candidate may receive more votes than they need to get elected.||A candidate would not receive more votes than they would need to get elected, as surplus votes are transferred to the next preference.|
|Some voters may not have supported any of the candidates who get elected.||If voters rank every candidate, they are likely to have supported at least one successful candidate.|
|Where political parties or organised political groups contest the elections, and there are say 3 vacancies, voters can vote for the 3 candidates representing a political party or organised political group ('block' voting). This can result in all candidates from a political party or organised political group being elected.||STV can moderate 'block' voting as voters can rank every candidate therefore making it more difficult for all candidates from a political party or organised political group to be elected.|
For further information on STV, visit: