Māori lived communally, usually in kainga or in fortified pa. In more settled times communities lived close to cultivations, tauranga waka , water supply, and food and other resources (in rivers, estuaries, forests, the sea). When their security was threatened they resorted to pa on sites chosen for their view of surrounding countryside and/or sea, their defensibility, and their strategic value. Access to food, water, and waka transport was still important, but adaptations, such as storage pits for food and waka hulls to collect water, could be made.
Read more about 'Pa and Kainga' by Hilary and John Mitchell(external link) on the Prow website.
Te Āwhina Marae is situated in Motueka and stands under the two mountains: Pukeone and Tu Ao Wharepapa. The Motueka river runs swiftly, bringing life and nourishment to the district.
The mana whenua iwi are Te Ātiawa and Ngāti Rārua and our wharenui is named after the ancestor Turangaapeke.
As the name indicates, Te Āwhina Marae was created as a place that openly welcomes all people to come and learn, seek shelter and find hospitality.
The vision of Te Āwhina Marae is to uphold Tino Rangatiratanga and to embrace all people under the concept of Tikanga Māori. To have a Marae that is strong physically and spiritually and where all involved are proud participants of Te Āwhina whanau.
As a community focused Marae, Te Āwhina offers a number of services, including: Kohanga Reo, Health Services, Te Reo tuition.
Phone: 03 528 6061
Established in 1986, Onetahua Marae in Golden Bay is used by the whole community for tangi, hui and wananga, and as an educational base.
It is the home marae for three local iwi: Ngati Rarua, Ngati Tama, and Te Ātiawa, but it operates as a multicultural marae with the wider involvement of the whole community. The protocol there is Taranaki Kawa.
"Onetahua" is the Māori name for Farewell Spit and translated means "heaped up sand".
The wharenui (meeting house) was opened in January 2001, and is named 'Te Ao Marama' meaning a new light, referring to a new, inclusive way forward. The inside of the wharenui is a mix of traditional and modern styles, as befits a relatively new, multicultural marae.
Onetahua Marae specialises in hui involving natural materials and has become a leading centre for making and playing traditional musical instruments. The marae has a weekly weaving hui usually using local harakeke.
Phone: 03 525 9484
Fax: 03 525 9522
Whakatū Marae is situated in the leeward breezes of Taitapu Bay on the northern entrance into Whakatū, Nelson.
Whakatū Marae location was developed from a disused site of the 1960's to a beautiful site that houses a whare tupuna - Kākāti, a wharekai – Mauriora, six kaumātua whare, Kopuawai Te Kohanga Reo, a kokiri block - Rangikapua, housing hauora services and a fully-equipped gym.
The newest addition, Tūmatakōkiri, houses Whakatū Marae office and Whakatu Marae Whānau Ora Services.
The land area is 10 hectares and is sited at 99 – 122, Atawhai Drive, Nelson.
The Kawa observed at Whakatū Marae is Tu Atu Tu Mai and umbrellas six mana whēnua iwi namely;
The common ancestor claimed by the six iwi is Kākati and his two wives. Kākati is seven generations from Hoturoa, Captain of Tainui Waka and is the name of the whare tūpuna.
Phone / Fax: 03 546 9097 FREEPHONE: 0800 whaka2
Hours of operation are 9.00 am - 5.00 pm Monday to Friday